What is Inguinal Hernia?

fm1Inguinal hernia is one of the most common types of hernia. It develops in the groin area (near your abdomen) when the intestinal or fatty tissues push through the inguinal canal located near the base of the abdomen. In men, the testicles usually descend through this canal. In women, this canal is where the uterine ligament resides. If you have a hernia in this area, it can lead to swelling or an enlarged scrotum that causes pain during movement. However, you should prompt medical treatment to prevent further discomfort and swelling.

Symptoms for Inguinal Hernia

The most obvious sign of these types of hernias is their appearance. The inguinal hernia can be spotted by bulges along the groin and pubic areas. These bulges grow when you stand up and disappear when you lie down. Moreover, the hernia is sensitive and may cause pain on touch.

Other symptoms of the inguinal hernia include:

  • Burning sensations.
  • Pain in the groin area when coughing, bending, or exercising.
  • Swelling of the scrotum.
  • Acute pain.
  • Heavy sensation in the groin

Diagnosis for Inguinal Hernia

A doctor will perform a physical exam to detect inguinal hernia. In some cases, the bulge or swelling in the groin area will primarily indicate the presence of this type of hernia. However, the doctor is most likely to ask you to stand and cough for checking the severity of the inguinal hernia formed.


Treatment for Inguinal Hernia

The primary treatment for inguinal hernia is surgery. The operation is very common and has a high success rate when performed by a trained surgeon. Your doctor will recommend one of the following for the treatment:

  • Open repair (Herniorrhaphy) surgery: This involves making an incision in the groin and repairing the abdominal wall defect by replacing abdominal tissues in the abdomen. This surgery has a longer recovery period with similar outcome.
  • Laparoscopic surgery: This involves making several small incisions into the groin and treating the hernia (by replacing the abdominal tissues). This is preferred when you want a short recovery period with the treatment.


Recovery following Surgery

Even though there is no perfect solution for genetic defects that may cause hernia, there are still ways to lessen the severity of hernia and prevent it from recurring after surgery. These include:

  • Maintain a high-fiber diet that ensures you have a healthy weight.
  • Avoid lifting heavy weights and intense exercise.
  • If you are a smoker, restrict (or even stop) your smoking after the surgery.

There is always a risk of recurrence and complications involved after surgery. If you face symptoms of the inguinal hernia again or if there are severe side effects after surgery, you should contact your doctor immediately.

Disclaimer: The information that has been provided in this article is for general knowledge purposes only. It is, in no way, a replacement for your doctor’s advice. Please consult your doctor and surgeon with your particular case for effective treatment and recovery of the inguinal hernia.